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The Old Tehran

The Old Tehran

After death of Karimkhan Zand, Agha Mohammad Khan took the opportunity and escaped from Shiraz along with some of his relatives, to Tehran and was able to conquer Tehran with help of Ghajari tribe and his companions. On Sunday 11th of Jumādā II, 1200 AH, coinciding with Nowruz, he accessioned in Tehran and from that time Tehran was entitled Dar Al Khalifa and the capital city. He just confined to building of Marble Throne, the only monument of that era. But new buildings were made at the time of Fat′h Ali Shah including Imam Khomeini Mosque (former Shah Mosque), Seyed Azizollah Mosque, Marvi School, Qajar Palace, Negarestan and Laalehzar. According to French general Gardan, Tehran’s population was about 50,000 in 1222 AH. Tehran’s development was continued after crowning the Shah of Qajar. Davoodiyeh Garden, Jomeh Mosque and Bin Al Haramain Bazaar were built at his reign. Two spots called Abbas Abaad and Mohamadiyeh were added to Tehran in the same reign with the order of Mirza Aghasi

Marvi School     Imam Khomeini Mosque (former Shah Mosque)e                            

With determination of Mirza Taghi Khan Amir Kabir, many buildings were made early on Naserddin Shah reign of which Darlfonoon school, Amir Bazaar, Shoemakers Bazaar and Saraaye Amir could be mentioned. Also the population of Tehran had reached 150000 at this  time. Hence Mirza Yousef Mostofi Almamalek the chancellor and minister Mirza Issa were assigned to determine the new reaches of Tehran city

Large lands were included into the limits of the city and new trenches and octagonal towers were constructed to determine the limits where 12 gates called Shemiran, Dolat, Yousef Abaad, Doshan Tapeh, Doulaab, Khorasan, Baghe Shah, Ghazvin, Gomrok, Hazrat Abolazim, Ghar and Khani Abaad would make the connection to the outside possible

Darralfonoun School

Other significant building of Naser Aldin Shah reign are but not limited to Golestan Garden, Saltanat Abaad garden palace, Shahd Motahari school mosque (former Sepahsalaar), Ferdows Garden, Amin Al Soltaan Square and Shamsol Emaareh. Sangladj, Khani Abaad, Ghanat Abaad, Pachenaar, Gowd Zanbourak Khaneh and the Grand Bazaar were the spots added to Tehran in this period

Shamsolemareh Mansion            Motahari School & Mosque (former Sepahsalaar)r                  

The name Tehran has been for the first time mentioned in Tedois’s scripts. Abou Asaad Samaani has mentioned a person called Abu Abdollah Mohammad Ebn Hamad Tehrani Razi who was born in Tehran and passed away in 261 AH therefore this is the oldest document to prove the existence of Tehran city prior to the third century AH. A city with enormous gardens and plenty of fruits whose residents lived mostly underground is the Ibn Hoghel’s description of Tehran in 331 AH. It has been described about Tehran in details in Estakhri’s book, Almasaalek Almamalek, in 340 AH. Also Ebn Balkhi in his Farsnameh, around 500 AH has talked about Tehran’s monuments. In 620 AH, Yaghout Hamvi has talked about Tehran in his book Almoajam Alblanaan, as a village of Ray which is mostly built underground and had 12 gates as well as many gardens around it with paths connecting them to each other. Zakaria Ghazvini, in his book Asaar Albelaad which was written approximately 70 years after Yaghout Hamvi, articulated, “Tehran is an underground city, like an ants colony, whose residents would hide underground at the time of the enemy’s attack.” Hamdollah Mostoufi in his book Nazha Alghloob, 740 AH describes Tehran,” Tehran is one of summers of Rey and has a salubrious and healthy climate with many fruit gardens and big population.”  Tehran grows after the attack of the Mongol due to the emigration of people of Rey to Tehran

The Old Tehran Gallery

Qajari Family                            Steam Car                          Old Tehran Lane

Laalehzaar Street                    Tehran’s Busy Street                    Tehran 1950’s

Naaderi Street 1332                      Pars Café Laalehzaar                      Istanbul Street 1328

Ghazvin Gate 1332                   Ghazvin Gate             Doshantapeh Gate view from inside the city

Tehran viewed from outside Gomrok Gate   Dolat Gate, city inside view  Dolat gate, encounter of tradition and modernity

Yousefabaad Gate                             Shemiran Gate                        Khani Abaad Gate viewed from outside

Hasab Abaad Square, 1336                        Ferdowsi Square, 1336                                Amiriyeh Street